Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society

Annual Review of Marine Science
By: , and 

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Abstract

Infectious diseases are common in marine environments, but the effects of a changing climate on marine pathogens are not well understood. Here, we focus on reviewing current knowledge about how the climate drives hostpathogen interactions and infectious disease outbreaks. Climate-related impacts on marine diseases are being documented in corals, shellfish, finfish, and humans; these impacts are less clearly linked to other organisms. Oceans and people are inextricably linked, and marine diseases can both directly and indirectly affect human health, livelihoods, and well-being. We recommend an adaptive management approach to better increase the resilience of ocean systems vulnerable to marine diseases in a changing climate. Land-based management methods of quarantining, culling, and vaccinating are not successful in the ocean; therefore, forecasting conditions that lead to outbreaks and designing tools/approaches to influence these conditions may be the best way to manage marine disease.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Climate change influences on marine infectious diseases: implications for management and society
Series title Annual Review of Marine Science
DOI 10.1146/annurev-marine-010213-135029
Volume 6
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Annual Reviews
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 29 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Annual Review of Marine Science
First page 249
Last page 277