Animal migration and risk of spread of viral infections: Chapter 9

By: , and 
Edited by: Sunit K. Singh



The potential contribution of migration towards the spread of disease is as varied as the ecology of the pathogens themselves and their host populations. This chapter outlines multiple examples of viral diseases in animal populations and their mechanisms of viral spread. Many species of insects, mammals, fish, and birds exhibit migratory behavior and have the potential to disperse diseases over long distances. The majority of studies available on viral zoonoses have focused on birds and bats, due to their highly migratory life histories. A number of studies have reported evidence of changes in the timing of animal migrations in response to climate change. The majority indicate an advancement of spring migration, with few or inconclusive results for fall migration. Predicting the combined effects of climate change on migratory patterns of host species and epidemiology of viral pathogens is complex and not fully realistic.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Animal migration and risk of spread of viral infections: Chapter 9
DOI 10.1002/9781118297469.ch9
Year Published 2013
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 28 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Viral infections and global change
First page 151
Last page 178