Simulating soil-water movement through loess-veneered landscapes using nonconsilient saturated hydraulic conductivity measurements

Soil Science Society of America Journal
By: , and 

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Abstract

Soil Survey Geographic Database (SSURGO) data are available for the entire United States, so are incorporated in many regional and national models of hydrology and environmental management. However, SSURGO does not provide an understanding of spatial variability and only includes saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) values estimated from particle size analysis (PSA). This study showed model sensitivity to the substitution of SSURGO data with locally described soil properties or alternate methods of measuring Ksat. Incorporation of these different soil data sets significantly changed the results of hydrologic modeling as a consequence of the amount of space available to store soil water and how this soil water is moved downslope. Locally described soil profiles indicated a difference in Ksat when measured in the field vs. being estimated from PSA. This, in turn, caused a difference in which soil layers were incorporated in the hydrologic simulations using TOPMODEL, ultimately affecting how soil water storage was simulated. Simulations of free-flowing soil water, the amount of water traveling through pores too large to retain water against gravity, were compared with field observations of water in wells at five slope positions along a catena. Comparison of the simulated data with the observed data showed that the ability to model the range of conditions observed in the field varied as a function of three soil data sets (SSURGO and local field descriptions using PSA-derived Ksat or field-measured Ksat) and that comparison of absolute values of soil water storage are not valid if different characterizations of soil properties are used.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Simulating soil-water movement through loess-veneered landscapes using nonconsilient saturated hydraulic conductivity measurements
Series title Soil Science Society of America Journal
DOI 10.2136/sssaj2014.01.0045
Volume 78
Issue 4
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Soil Science Society of America
Contributing office(s) Kentucky Water Science Center
Description 12 p.
First page 1320
Last page 1331
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N