Competitive impacts of an invasive nectar thief on plant-pollinator mutualisms

Ecology
By: , and 

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Abstract

Plant–pollinator mutualisms are disrupted by a variety of competitive interactions between introduced and native floral visitors. The invasive western yellowjacket wasp, Vespula pensylvanica, is an aggressive nectar thief of the dominant endemic Hawaiian tree species, Metrosideros polymorpha. We conducted a large-scale, multiyear manipulative experiment to investigate the impacts of V. pensylvanica on the structure and behavior of the M. polymorpha pollinator community, including competitive mechanisms related to resource availability. Our results demonstrate that V. pensylvanica, through both superior exploitative and interference competition, influences resource partitioning and displaces native and nonnative M. polymorpha pollinators. Furthermore, the restructuring of the pollinator community due to V. pensylvanica competition and predation results in a significant decrease in the overall pollinator effectiveness and fruit set of M. polymorpha. This research highlights both the competitive mechanisms and contrasting effects of social insect invaders on plant–pollinator mutualisms and the role of competition in pollinator community structure.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Competitive impacts of an invasive nectar thief on plant-pollinator mutualisms
Series title Ecology
DOI 10.1890/13-1276.1
Volume 95
Issue 6
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Ecological Society of America
Contributing office(s) Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center
Description 11 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Ecology
First page 1622
Last page 1632
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