Use of the instream flow incremental methodology: a tool for negotiation

Environmental Impact Assessment Review
By:  and 



The resolution of conflicts arising from differing values and water uses requires technical information and negotiating skills. This article outlines the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM), developed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service, and demonstrates that its use to quantify flows necessary to protect desired instream values aids negotiation by illustrating areas of agreement and possible compromises between conflicting water interests. Pursuant to a Section 404 permit application to the US Army Corps of Engineers made by City Utilities of Springfield, Missouri, in 1978, IFIM provided the means by which City Utilities, concerned with a secure water supply for a growing population, and those advocating instream values were satisfied that their requirements were met. In tracing the 15-month process, the authors conclude that the application of IFIM, as well as the cooperative stance adopted by the parties involved, were the key ingredients of the successful permit application.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Use of the instream flow incremental methodology: a tool for negotiation
Series title Environmental Impact Assessment Review
DOI 10.1016/0195-9255(86)90027-2
Volume 6
Issue 4
Year Published 1986
Language English
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc.
Publisher location New York, NY
Description 17 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Environmental Impact Assessment Review
First page 347
Last page 363