Studying ground water under Delmarva coastal bays using electrical resistivity

Ground Water
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Abstract

Fresh ground water is widely distributed in subsurface sediments below the coastal bays of the Delmarva Peninsula (Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia). These conditions were revealed by nearly 300 km of streamer resistivity surveys, utilizing a towed multichannel cable system. Zones of high resistivity displayed by inversion modeling were confirmed by vibradrilling investigations to correspond to fresh ground water occurrences. Fresh water lenses extended from a few hundred meters up to 2 km from shore. Along the western margins of coastal bays in areas associated with fine-grained surficial sediments, high-resistivity layers were widespread and were especially pronounced near tidal creeks. Fresh ground water layers were less common along the eastern barrier-bar margins of the bays, where sediments were typically sandy. Mid-bay areas in Chincoteague Bay, Maryland, did not show evidence of fresh water. Indian River Bay, Delaware, showed complex subsurface salinity relationships, including an area with possible hypersaline brines. The new streamer resistivity system paired with vibradrilling in these investigations provides a powerful approach to recovering information required for extension of hydrologic modeling of shallow coastal aquifer systems into offshore areas.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Studying ground water under Delmarva coastal bays using electrical resistivity
Series title Ground Water
DOI 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2004.tb02643.x
Volume 42
Issue 7
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Coastal and Marine Geology Program, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 17 p.
First page 1052
Last page 1068
Country United States
State Delaware, Maryland, Virginia
Other Geospatial Delmarva Peninsula
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