Pathogenic human viruses in coastal waters

Clinical Microbiology Reviews
By: , and 



This review addresses both historical and recent investigations into viral contamination of marine waters. With the relatively recent emergence of molecular biology-based assays, a number of investigations have shown that pathogenic viruses are prevalent in marine waters being impacted by sewage. Research has shown that this group of fecal-oral viral pathogens (enteroviruses, hepatitis A viruses, Norwalk viruses, reoviruses, adenoviruses, rotaviruses, etc.) can cause a broad range of asymptomatic to severe gastrointestinal, respiratory, and eye, nose, ear, and skin infections in people exposed through recreational use of the water. The viruses and the nucleic acid signature survive for an extended period in the marine environment. One of the primary concerns of public health officials is the relationship between the presence of pathogens and the recreational risk to human health in polluted marine environments. While a number of studies have attempted to address this issue, the relationship is still poorly understood. A contributing factor to our lack of progress in the field has been the lack of sensitive methods to detect the broad range of both bacterial and viral pathogens. The application of new and advanced molecular methods will continue to contribute to our current state of knowledge in this emerging and
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Pathogenic human viruses in coastal waters
Series title Clinical Microbiology Reviews
DOI 10.1128/CMR.16.1.129-143.2003
Volume 16
Issue 1
Year Published 2003
Language English
Publisher American Society for Microbiology
Contributing office(s) Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Description 15 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Clinical Microbiology Reviews
First page 129
Last page 143
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