Biodiversity and disease: a synthesis of ecological perspectives on Lyme disease transmission.

Trends in Ecology and Evolution
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Abstract

Recent reviews have argued that disease control is among the ecosystem services yielded by biodiversity. Lyme disease (LD) is commonly cited as the best example of the ‘diluting’ effect of biodiversity on disease transmission, but many studies document the opposite relationship, showing that human LD risk can increase with forestation. Here, we unify these divergent perspectives and find strong evidence for a positive link between biodiversity and LD at broad spatial scales (urban to suburban to rural) and equivocal evidence for a negative link between biodiversity and LD at varying levels of biodiversity within forests. This finding suggests that, across zoonotic disease agents, the biodiversity–disease relationship is scale dependent and complex.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Biodiversity and disease: a synthesis of ecological perspectives on Lyme disease transmission.
Series title Trends in Ecology and Evolution
DOI 10.1016/j.tree.2012.10.011
Volume 28
Issue 4
Year Published 2013
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Western Ecological Research Center
Description 9 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Trends in Ecology and Evolution
First page 239
Last page 247