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The role of infectious disease in marine communities: chapter 5

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Abstract

Marine ecologists recognize that infectious diseases play and important role in ocean ecosystems. This role may have increased in some host taxa over time (Ward and Lafferty 2004). We begin this chapter by introducing infectious agents and their relationships with their hosts in marine systems. We then put infectious disease agents with their hosts in marine systems. We then put infectious disease agents in the perspective of marine biodiversity and discuss the various factors that affect parasites. Specifically, we introduce some basin epidemiological concepts, including the effects of stress and free-living diversity on parasites. Following this, we give brief consideration to communities of parasites within their hosts, particularly as these can lead to general insights into community ecology. We also give examples of how infectious diseases affect host populations, scaling up to marine communities. Finally, we present examples of marine infectious disease that impair conservation and fisheries.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title The role of infectious disease in marine communities: chapter 5
ISBN 978-1-60535-228-2
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Sinauer Associates, Inc.
Publisher location Sunderland, MA
Contributing office(s) Western Ecological Research Center
Description 24 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Marine community ecology and conservation
First page 85
Last page 108