Growth and survival of sea lampreys from metamorphosis to spawning in Lake Huron

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
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Abstract

Larval Sea Lampreys Petromyzon marinus live burrowed in stream bottoms and then metamorphose into their parasitic stage. Among larvae that metamorphose in a given year (i.e., parasitic cohort), autumn out-migrants (October–December) to the Laurentian Great Lakes can feed on fish for up to 6 months longer than spring outmigrants (March–May), which overwinter in streams without feeding. We evaluated whether the season of outmigration affected growth or survival of newlymetamorphosed Sea Lampreys in LakeHuron. Newlymetamorphosed individuals (n=2,718) from three parasitic cohorts were netted during their out-migration from BlackMallard Creek, Michigan, to LakeHuron during autumn 1997 through spring 2000; each out-migrant was injected with a sequentially numbered coded wire tag and was released back into the creek. After up to 18 months of feeding in the Great Lakes, 224 (8.2%) Sea Lampreys were recaptured (in 1999–2001) as upstream-migrating adults in tributaries to Lakes Huron and Michigan. Recovery rates of autumn and spring out-migrants as adults were 9.4% and 7.8%, respectively, and these rates did not significantly differ. Overwinter feeding (i.e., as parasites) by autumn out-migrants did not produce adult mean sizes greater than those of spring out-migrants. Because we detected no growth or survival differences between autumn and spring out-migrants, the capture of newly metamorphosed Sea Lampreys at any point during their out-migration should provide equal reductions in damage to Great Lakes fisheries. The absence of a difference in growth or survival between autumn and spring out-migrants is an aspect of Sea Lamprey life history that yields resiliency to this invasive parasite and complicates efforts for its control in the Great Lakes.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Growth and survival of sea lampreys from metamorphosis to spawning in Lake Huron
Series title Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
DOI 10.1080/00028487.2013.862182
Volume 143
Issue 2
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society
Publisher location Bethesda, MD
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description 7 p.
First page 380
Last page 386
Country Canada, United States
Other Geospatial Lake Huron
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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