Anthrax and the geochemistry of soils in the contiguous United States

By: , and 



Soil geochemical data from sample sites in counties that reported occurrences of anthrax in wildlife and livestock since 2000 were evaluated against counties within the same states (MN, MT, ND, NV, OR, SD and TX) that did not report occurrences. These data identified the elements, calcium (Ca), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P) and strontium (Sr), as having statistically significant differences in concentrations between county type (anthrax occurrence versus no occurrence). Tentative threshold values of the lowest concentrations of each of these elements (Ca = 0.43 wt %, Mn = 142 mg/kg, P = 180 mg/kg and Sr = 51 mg/kg) and average concentrations (Ca = 1.3 wt %, Mn = 463 mg/kg, P = 580 mg/kg and Sr = 170 mg/kg) were identified from anthrax-positive counties as prospective investigative tools in determining whether an outbreak had “potential” or was “likely” at any given geographic location in the contiguous United States.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Anthrax and the geochemistry of soils in the contiguous United States
Series title Geosciences
DOI 10.3390/geosciences4030114
Volume 4
Issue 3
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher MDPI
Publisher location Basel, Switzerland
Contributing office(s) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, Contaminant Biology Program
Description 14 p.
First page 114
Last page 127
Country United States
State Alabama, California, Colorado, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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