Ecological change on California's Channel Islands from the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene

BioScience
By: , and 

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Abstract

Historical ecology is becoming an important focus in conservation biology and offers a promising tool to help guide ecosystem management. Here, we integrate data from multiple disciplines to illuminate the past, present, and future of biodiversity on California's Channel Islands, an archipelago that has undergone a wide range of land-use and ecological changes. Our analysis spans approximately 20,000 years, from before human occupation and through Native American hunter–gatherers, commercial ranchers and fishers, the US military, and other land managers. We demonstrate how long-term, interdisciplinary research provides insight into conservation decisions, such as setting ecosystem restoration goals, preserving rare and endemic taxa, and reducing the impacts of climate change on natural and cultural resources. We illustrate the importance of historical perspectives for understanding modern patterns and ecological change and present an approach that can be applied generally in conservation management planning.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Ecological change on California's Channel Islands from the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene
Series title BioScience
DOI 10.1093/biosci/biu094
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher American Institute of Biological Sciences
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Country United States
State California
Other Geospatial Channel Islands
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N