H7N9 influenza A virus in turkeys in Minnesota

Journal of General Virology
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Abstract

Introductions of H7 Influenza A virus (IAV) from wild birds into poultry have been documented worldwide, resulting in varying degrees of morbidity and mortality. H7 IAV infection in domestic poultry has served as a source of human infection and disease. We report the detection of H7N9 subtype IAV in Minnesota turkey farms during 2009 and 2011. The full-genome was sequenced from eight isolates as well as the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) gene segments of H7 and N9 virus subtypes for 108 isolates from North American wild birds between 1986 and 2012. Through maximum likelihood and coalescent phylogenetic analyses, we identified the recent H7 and N9 IAV ancestors of the turkey-origin H7N9 IAV, estimated the time and geographic origin of the ancestral viruses, and determined the relatedness between the 2009 and the 2011 turkey-origin H7N9 IAV. Analyses supported that the 2009 and the 2011 viruses were distantly related genetically, suggesting that the two outbreaks arose from independent introduction events from wild birds. Our findings further support that the 2011 MN turkey-origin H7N9 virus was closely related to H7N9 IAV isolated in poultry in Nebraska during the same year. Although the precise origin of the wild-bird donor of the turkey-origin H7N9 IAV could not be determined, our findings suggest that, for both the NA and HA gene segments, the MN turkey-origin H7N9 viruses were related to viruses circulating in wild birds between 2006 and 2011 in the Mississippi flyway.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title H7N9 influenza A virus in turkeys in Minnesota
Series title Journal of General Virology
DOI 10.1099/vir.0.067504-0
Volume 96
Issue 2
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Society for General Microbiology
Publisher location London, England
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center Biology WTEB
Description 8 p.
First page 269
Last page 276
Country United States
State Minnesota
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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