Distribution and habitat associations of juvenile Common Snook in the lower Rio Grande, Texas

Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science
By: , and 

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Abstract

Common Snook Centropomus undecimalis were once abundant off the Texas coast, but these populations are now characterized by low abundance and erratic recruitment. Most research concerning Common Snook in North America has been conducted in Florida and very little is known about the specific biology and habitat needs of Common Snook in Texas. The primary objective of this study was to describe the habitat use patterns of juvenile Common Snook and their role in the fish assemblage in the lower portion of the Rio Grande, Texas. Secondarily, we documented the relationship between age and juvenile reproductive development. Fish were collected during January–March 2006 from the lower 51.5 km of the Rio Grande using a bottom trawl and boat-mounted electrofisher. Measurements of water quality and other habitat traits were recorded at each sampling site. We captured 225 Common Snook exclusively in freshwater habitats above river kilometer 12.9. The distribution of juvenile Common Snook was not random, but influenced primarily by turbidity and dissolved oxygen. Sex differentiation and gonadal development based on histological examination of gonads established that age-1 and age-2 Common Snook were juvenile, prepubertal males. There was no difference between the age groups in their overall distribution in the river. However, age-2 Common Snook were associated with deeper areas with faster currents, higher conductivity, and steeper banks. Overall, Common Snook in the lower Rio Grande show substantial differences in habitat use than their counterparts in other parts of the range of the species, but it is unclear whether this is due to differences in habitat availability, behavioral plasticity, or some combination thereof.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Distribution and habitat associations of juvenile Common Snook in the lower Rio Grande, Texas
Series title Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science
DOI 10.1080/19425120.2014.920744
Volume 6
Issue 1
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Atlanta
Description 11 p.
First page 170
Last page 180
Country United States
State Texas
Other Geospatial Rio Grande
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N