Bioenergetics assessment of fish and crayfish consumption by river otter (Lontra canadensis): integrating prey availability, diet, and field metabolic rate

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Arkansas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit; University of Arkansas; Arkansas Game and Fish Commission; US Geological Survey; Wildlife Management Institute; Missouri Department of Conservation
By: , and 

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Abstract

River otters (Lontra canadensis) are important predators in aquatic ecosystems, but few studies quantify their prey consumption. We trapped crayfish monthly as an index of availability and collected otter scat for diet analysis in the Ozark Mountains of northwestern Arkansas, USA. We measured otter daily energy expenditure (DEE) with the doubly labeled water method to develop a bioenergetics model for estimating monthly prey consumption. Meek's crayfish (Orconectes meeki) catch-per-unit-effort was positively related to stream temperature, indicating that crayfish were more available during warmer months. The percentage frequency of occurrence for crayfish in scat samples peaked at 85.0% in summer and was lowest (42.3%) in winter. In contrast, the percentage occurrence of fish was 13.3% in summer and 57.7% in winter. Estimates of DEE averaged 4738 kJ·day-1 for an otter with a body mass of 7842 g. Total biomass consumption ranged from 35 079 to 52 653 g·month-1 (wet mass), corresponding to a high proportion of fish and crayfish in the diet, respectively. Otter consumption represents a large fraction of prey production, indicating potentially strong effects of otters on trophic dynamics in stream ecosystems.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Bioenergetics assessment of fish and crayfish consumption by river otter (Lontra canadensis): integrating prey availability, diet, and field metabolic rate
Series title Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
DOI 10.1139/F10-074
Volume 67
Issue 9
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher National Research Council Canada
Publisher location Ottawa
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Atlanta
Description 10 p.
First page 1439
Last page 1448
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N