Coastal vertebrate exposure to predicted habitat changes due to sea level rise

Environmental Management
By: , and 

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Abstract

Sea level rise (SLR) may degrade habitat for coastal vertebrates in the Southeastern United States, but it is unclear which groups or species will be most exposed to habitat changes. We assessed 28 coastal Georgia vertebrate species for their exposure to potential habitat changes due to SLR using output from the Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model and information on the species’ fundamental niches. We assessed forecasted habitat change up to the year 2100 using three structural habitat metrics: total area, patch size, and habitat permanence. Almost all of the species (n = 24) experienced negative habitat changes due to SLR as measured by at least one of the metrics. Salt marsh and ocean beach habitats experienced the most change (out of 16 categorical land cover types) across the three metrics and species that used salt marsh extensively (rails and marsh sparrows) were ranked highest for exposure to habitat changes. Species that nested on ocean beaches (Diamondback Terrapins, shorebirds, and terns) were also ranked highly, but their use of other foraging habitats reduced their overall exposure. Future studies on potential effects of SLR on vertebrates in southeastern coastal ecosystems should focus on the relative importance of different habitat types to these species’ foraging and nesting requirements. Our straightforward prioritization approach is applicable to other coastal systems and can provide insight to managers on which species to focus resources, what components of their habitats need to be protected, and which locations in the study area will provide habitat refuges in the face of SLR.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Coastal vertebrate exposure to predicted habitat changes due to sea level rise
Series title Environmental Management
DOI 10.1007/s00267-015-0580-3
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Springer
Publisher location New York
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Atlanta
Description 10 p.
First page 1
Last page 10
Country United States
State Georgia
Other Geospatial Altamaha Estuary
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N