Space use and habitat selection by resident and transient coyotes (Canis latrans)

PLoS ONE
By: , and 

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Abstract

Little information exists on coyote (Canis latrans) space use and habitat selection in the southeastern United States and most studies conducted in the Southeast have been carried out within small study areas (e.g., ≤1,000 km2). Therefore, studying the placement, size, and habitat composition of coyote home ranges over broad geographic areas could provide relevant insights regarding how coyote populations adjust to regionally varying ecological conditions. Despite an increasing number of studies of coyote ecology, few studies have assessed the role of transiency as a life-history strategy among coyotes. During 2009–2011, we used GPS radio-telemetry to study coyote space use and habitat selection on the Albemarle Peninsula of northeastern North Carolina. We quantified space use and 2nd- and 3rd-order habitat selection for resident and transient coyotes to describe space use patterns in a predominantly agricultural landscape. The upper limit of coyote home-range size was approximately 47 km2 and coyotes exhibiting shifting patterns of space use of areas >65 km2 were transients. Transients exhibited localized space use patterns for short durations prior to establishing home ranges, which we defined as “biding” areas. Resident and transient coyotes demonstrated similar habitat selection, notably selection of agricultural over forested habitats. However, transients exhibited stronger selection for roads than resident coyotes. Although transient coyotes are less likely to contribute reproductively to their population, transiency may be an important life history trait that facilitates metapopulation dynamics through dispersal and the eventual replacement of breeding residents lost to mortality.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Space use and habitat selection by resident and transient coyotes (Canis latrans)
Series title PLoS ONE
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0132203
Volume 10
Issue 7
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher PLOS
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description e0132203: 17 p.
Country United States
State North Carolina
Other Geospatial Albemarle Peninsula
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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