Salinity influences on aboveground and belowground net primary productivity in tidal wetlands

Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
By: , and 

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Abstract

Tidal freshwater wetlands are one of the most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change and rising sea levels. However salinification within these systems is poorly understood, therefore, productivity (litterfall, woody biomass, and fine roots) were investigated on three forested tidal wetlands [(1) freshwater, (2) moderately saline, and (3) heavily salt-impacted] and a marsh along the Waccamaw and Turkey Creek in South Carolina. Mean aboveground (litterfall and woody biomass) production on the freshwater, moderately saline, heavily salt-impacted, and marsh, respectively, was 1,061, 492, 79, and 0gm2year1 versus belowground (fine roots) 860, 490, 620, and 2,128gm2year1. Litterfall and woody biomass displayed an inverse relationship with salinity. Shifts in productivity across saline sites is of concern because sea level is predicted to continue rising. Results from the research reported in this paper provide baseline data upon which coupled hydrologic/wetland models can be created to quantify future changes in tidal forest functions.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Salinity influences on aboveground and belowground net primary productivity in tidal wetlands
Series title Journal of Hydrologic Engineering
DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001223
Volume 22
Issue 1
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher ASCE
Contributing office(s) National Research Program - Eastern Branch
Description D5015002-1: 8 p.
Country United States
State South Carolina
Other Geospatial Turkey Creek; Waccamaw River
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N