Glaciers and ice caps outside Greenland

Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
By: , and 

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Abstract

Mountain glaciers and ice caps cover an area of over 400 000 km2 in the Arctic, and are a major influence on global sea level (Gardner et al. 2011, 2013; Jacob et al. 2012). They gain mass by snow accumulation and lose mass by meltwater runoff. Where they terminate in water (ocean or lake), they also lose mass by iceberg calving. The climatic mass balance (Bclim, the difference between annual snow accumulation and annual meltwater runoff) is a widely used index of how glaciers respond to climate variability and change. The total mass balance (ΔM) is defined as the difference between annual snow accumulation and annual mass losses (by iceberg calving plus runoff).

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Glaciers and ice caps outside Greenland
Series title Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Edition Supplement
Volume 96
Issue 7
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher American Meteorological Society
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center
Description Sxvi., S267
First page S135
Last page S137
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N