A geologic and anthropogenic journey from the Precambrian to the new energy economy through the San Juan volcanic field

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Abstract

The San Juan volcanic field comprises 25,000 km2 of intermediate composition mid-Tertiary volcanic rocks and dacitic to rhyolitic calderas including the San Juan–Uncompahgre and La Garita caldera-forming super-volcanoes. The region is famous for the geological, ecological, hydrological, archeological, and climatological diversity. These characteristics supported ancestral Puebloan populations. The area is also important for its mineral wealth that once fueled local economic vitality. Today, mitigating and/or investigating the impacts of mining and establishing the region as a climate base station are the focuses of ongoing research. Studies include advanced water treatment, the acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) of propylitic bedrock for use in mine-lands cleanup, and the use of soil amendments including biochar from beetle-kill pines. Biochar aids soil productivity and revegetation by incorporation into soils to improve moisture retention, reduce erosion, and support the natural terrestrial carbon sequestration (NTS) potential of volcanic soils to help offset atmospheric CO2 emissions. This field trip will examine the volcano-tectonic and cultural history of the San Juan volcanic field as well as its geologic structures, economic mineral deposits and impacts, recent mitigation measures, and associated climate research. Field trip stops will include a visit to (1) the Summitville Superfund site to explore quartz alunite-Au mineralization, and associated alteration and new water-quality mitigation strategies; (2) the historic Creede epithermal-polymetallic–vein district with remarkably preserved resurgent calderas, keystone-graben, and moat sediments; (3) the historic mining town of Silverton located in the nested San Juan–Silverton caldera complex that exhibits base-metal Au-Ag mineralization; and (4) the site of ANC and NTS studies. En route back to Denver, we will traverse Grand Mesa, a high NTS area with Neogene basalt-derived soils and will enjoy a soak in the geothermal waters of the Aspen anomaly at Glenwood Springs.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title A geologic and anthropogenic journey from the Precambrian to the new energy economy through the San Juan volcanic field
DOI 10.1130/2010.0018(09)
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher Geological Society of America
Contributing office(s) Central Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center
Description 44 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Through the generations: geologic and anthropogenic field excursions in the Rocky Mountains from modern to ancient
First page 193
Last page 237
Country United States
State Colorado
Other Geospatial San Juan volcanic field
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N