Determinants of elephant distribution at Nazinga Game Ranch, Burkina Faso

By: , and 



We used seasonal ground total counts and remote sensing and GIS technology to relate elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) distribution at Nazinga Game Ranch to environmental and anthropogenic factors. Variables used in analyses were normalized difference vegetation index, elevation, stream density, density of poaching and human illegal activities, distance to dams, distance to rivers, distance to roads, and distance to poaching risk. Contrary to our expectation, road traffic did not disturb elephants. Strong negative relationships were documented between elephant abundance and stream density, distance to dams, and poaching density. Density of poaching and other human illegal activities explained 81%, vegetation greenness 6%, and stream density 3% of the variation in elephant density. Elephant distribution represented a survival strategy affected by poaching, food quality and abundance, and water availability. 

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Determinants of elephant distribution at Nazinga Game Ranch, Burkina Faso
Series title Pachyderm
Volume 42
Year Published 2007
Language English
Contributing office(s) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Description 11 p.
First page 70
Last page 80
Country Burkina Faso
Other Geospatial Nazinga Game Ranch
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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