The role of fish in a globally changing food system

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Abstract

Though humans have been fishing for food since they first created tools to hunt, modern food systems are predominately terrestrial focused and fish are frequently overlooked. Yet, within the global food system, fish play an important role in meeting current and future food needs. Capture fisheries are the last large-scale “wild” food, and aquaculture is the fastest growing food production sector in the world. Currently, capture fisheries and aquaculture provide 4.3 billion people with at least 15% of their animal protein. In addition to providing protein and calories, fish are important sources of critical vitamins and vital nutrients that are difficult to acquire through other food sources. As the climate changes, human populations will continue to grow, cultural tastes will evolve, and fish populations will respond. Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture are poised to fill demand for food not met by terrestrial food systems. Climate change and other global changes will increase, decrease, or modify many wild fish populations and aquaculture systems. Understanding the knowledge gaps around these implications for global change on fish production is critical. Applied research and adaptive management techniques can assist with the necessary evolution of sustainable food systems to include a stronger emphasis on fish and other aquatic organisms.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title The role of fish in a globally changing food system
ISBN 978-0-89118-358-7
DOI 10.2134/agronmonogr60.2014.0059
Edition Online First
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher ACSESS Books
Contributing office(s) National Climate Adaptation Science Center, National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Agroclimatology: Linking ggriculture to climate