Assessing the components of adaptive capacity to improve conservation and management efforts under global change

Conservation Biology
By: , and 

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Abstract

Natural-resource managers and other conservation practitioners are under unprecedented pressure to categorize and quantify the vulnerability of natural systems based on assessment of the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity of species to climate change. Despite the urgent need for these assessments, neither the theoretical basis of adaptive capacity nor the practical issues underlying its quantification has been articulated in a manner that is directly applicable to natural-resource management. Both are critical for researchers, managers, and other conservation practitioners to develop reliable strategies for assessing adaptive capacity. Drawing from principles of classical and contemporary research and examples from terrestrial, marine, plant, and animal systems, we examined broadly the theory behind the concept of adaptive capacity. We then considered how interdisciplinary, trait- and triage-based approaches encompassing the oft-overlooked interactions among components of adaptive capacity can be used to identify species and populations likely to have higher (or lower) adaptive capacity. We identified the challenges and value of such endeavors and argue for a concerted interdisciplinary research approach that combines ecology, ecological genetics, and eco-physiology to reflect the interacting components of adaptive capacity. We aimed to provide a basis for constructive discussion between natural-resource managers and researchers, discussions urgently needed to identify research directions that will deliver answers to real-world questions facing resource managers, other conservation practitioners, and policy makers. Directing research to both seek general patterns and identify ways to facilitate adaptive capacity of key species and populations within species, will enable conservation ecologists and resource managers to maximize returns on research and management investment and arrive at novel and dynamic management and policy decisions.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Assessing the components of adaptive capacity to improve conservation and management efforts under global change
Series title Conservation Biology
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12522
Volume 29
Issue 5
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Society for Conservation Biology
Publisher location Malden, MA
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 11 p.
First page 1268
Last page 1278
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N