Response of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to changes in atmospheric CO2, climate, and sea-level

By: , and 
Edited by: Beth A. Middleton

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Abstract

Coastal salt marsh and mangrove ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to changes in atmospheric CO2 concentrations and associated climate and climate-induced changes. We provide a review of the literature detailing theoretical predictions and observed responses of coastal wetlands to a range of climate change stressors, including CO2, temperature, rainfall, and sea-level rise. This review incorporates a discussion of key processes controlling responses in different settings and thresholds of resilience derived from experimental and observational studies. We specifically consider the potential and observed effects on salt marsh and mangrove vegetation of changes in (1) elevated [CO2] on physiology, growth, and distribution; (2) temperature on distribution and diversity; (3) rainfall and salinity regimes on growth and competitive interactions; and (4) sea level on geomorphological, hydrological, and biological processes.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Response of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to changes in atmospheric CO2, climate, and sea-level
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-4494-3_2
Volume 1
Year Published 2012
Language English
Publisher Springer
Publisher location Dordrecht; New York
Contributing office(s) National Wetlands Research Center
Description 34 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Global change and the function and distribution of wetlands
First page 63
Last page 96
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N