Freshwater molluscs as indicators of bioavailability and toxicity of metals in surface-water systems

By:  and 
Edited by: George W. Ware

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Abstract

During the past several decades, studies from a variety of locations have demonstrated widespread occurrence of metals in surface waters at concentrations significantly higher than background levels. Elevated concentrations are not limited to certain water types or polluted areas; they appear in all types of systems and in all geographic areas. It is clear that metals enter the aquatic systems from diverse sources, both point and nonpoint, and they can be readily transported from one system to another. Transport routes include atmospheric, terrestrial, subterranean, aquatic, and biological pathways (Elder 1988; Salomons and Forstner 1984).

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Freshwater molluscs as indicators of bioavailability and toxicity of metals in surface-water systems
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4612-3198-1_2
Volume 122
Year Published 1991
Language English
Publisher Springer
Description 43 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
First page 37
Last page 79
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N