Recent wetland land loss due to hurricanes: improved estimates based upon multiple source images

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Edited by: Ping Wang, Julie D. Rosati, and Tiffany M. Roberts

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to provide a moderate resolution 30-m fractional water map of the Chenier Plain for 2003, 2006 and 2009 by using information contained in high-resolution satellite imagery of a subset of the study area. Indices and transforms pertaining to vegetation and water were created using the high-resolution imagery, and a threshold was applied to obtain a categorical land/water map. The high-resolution data was used to train a decision-tree classifier to estimate percent water in a lower resolution (Landsat) image. Two new water indices based on the tasseled cap transformation were proposed for IKONOS imagery in wetland environments and more than 700 input parameter combinations were considered for each Landsat image classified. Final selection and thresholding of the resulting percent water maps involved over 5,000 unambiguous classified random points using corresponding 1-m resolution aerial photographs, and a statistical optimization procedure to determine the threshold at which the maximum Kappa coefficient occurs. Each selected dataset has a Kappa coefficient, percent correctly classified (PCC) water, land and total greater than 90%. An accuracy assessment using 1,000 independent random points was performed. Using the validation points, the PCC values decreased to around 90%. The time series change analysis indicated that due to Hurricane Rita, the study area lost 6.5% of marsh area, and transient changes were less than 3% for either land or water. Hurricane Ike resulted in an additional 8% land loss, although not enough time has passed to discriminate between persistent and transient changes.

Additional publication details

Publication type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Title Recent wetland land loss due to hurricanes: improved estimates based upon multiple source images
DOI 10.1142/9789814355537_0169
Year Published 2011
Language English
Publisher World Scientific
Contributing office(s) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Description 18 p.
Larger Work Type Conference Paper
Larger Work Title Proceedings of the Coastal Sediments 2011
First page 2253
Last page 2270
Conference Title Coastal Sediments 2011
Conference Location Miami, Florida
Conference Date May 2-6 2011
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N