Forested wetland habitat

By:  and 
Edited by: Michael J. Kennish

Links

Abstract

A forested wetland (swamp) is a forest where soils are saturated or flooded for at least a portion of the growing season, and vegetation, dominated by trees, is adapted to tolerate flooded conditions. A tidal freshwater forested wetland is a forested wetland that experiences frequent but short-term surface flooding via tidal action, with average salinity of soil porewater less than 0.5 g/l. It is known locally as tidal várzea in the Amazon delta, Brazil. A tidal saltwater forested wetland (mangrove forest) is a forested wetland that experiences frequent but short-term surface flooding via tidal action, with average salinity often exceeding 3 g/l and reaching levels that can exceed seawater. Mangrove ecosystems are composed of facultative halophytes that generally experience better growth at moderate salinity concentrations.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Forested wetland habitat
DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_387
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Wetland and Aquatic Research Center
Description 5 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Encyclopedia of Estuaries
First page 334
Last page 338
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N