Simulating range-wide population and breeding habitat dynamics for an endangered woodland warbler in the face of uncertainty

Ecological Modelling
By: , and 

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Abstract

Population viability analyses provide a quantitative approach that seeks to predict the possible future status of a species of interest under different scenarios and, therefore, can be important components of large-scale species’ conservation programs. We created a model and simulated range-wide population and breeding habitat dynamics for an endangered woodland warbler, the golden-cheeked warbler (Setophaga chrysoparia). Habitat-transition probabilities were estimated across the warbler's breeding range by combining National Land Cover Database imagery with multistate modeling. Using these estimates, along with recently published demographic estimates, we examined if the species can remain viable into the future given the current conditions. Lastly, we evaluated if protecting a greater amount of habitat would increase the number of warblers that can be supported in the future by systematically increasing the amount of protected habitat and comparing the estimated terminal carrying capacity at the end of 50 years of simulated habitat change. The estimated habitat-transition probabilities supported the hypothesis that habitat transitions are unidirectional, whereby habitat is more likely to diminish than regenerate. The model results indicated population viability could be achieved under current conditions, depending on dispersal. However, there is considerable uncertainty associated with the population projections due to parametric uncertainty. Model results suggested that increasing the amount of protected lands would have a substantial impact on terminal carrying capacities at the end of a 50-year simulation. Notably, this study identifies the need for collecting the data required to estimate demographic parameters in relation to changes in habitat metrics and population density in multiple regions, and highlights the importance of establishing a common definition of what constitutes protected habitat, what management goals are suitable within those protected areas, and a standard operating procedure to identify areas of priority for habitat conservation efforts. Therefore, we suggest future efforts focus on these aspects of golden-cheeked warbler conservation and ecology.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Simulating range-wide population and breeding habitat dynamics for an endangered woodland warbler in the face of uncertainty
Series title Ecological Modelling
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.09.018
Volume 320
Issue 7691
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Publisher location Amsterdam
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 10 p.
First page 52
Last page 61
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N