Landsat-5 bumper-mode geometric correction

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
By:  and 



The Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) scan mirror was switched from its primary operating mode to a backup mode in early 2002 in order to overcome internal synchronization problems arising from long-term wear of the scan mirror mechanism. The backup bumper mode of operation removes the constraints on scan start and stop angles enforced in the primary scan angle monitor operating mode, requiring additional geometric calibration effort to monitor the active scan angles. It also eliminates scan timing telemetry used to correct the TM scan geometry. These differences require changes to the geometric correction algorithms used to process TM data. A mathematical model of the scan mirror's behavior when operating in bumper mode was developed. This model includes a set of key timing parameters that characterize the time-varying behavior of the scan mirror bumpers. To simplify the implementation of the bumper-mode model, the bumper timing parameters were recast in terms of the calibration and telemetry data items used to process normal TM imagery. The resulting geometric performance, evaluated over 18 months of bumper-mode operations, though slightly reduced from that achievable in the primary operating mode, is still within the Landsat specifications when the data are processed with the most up-to-date calibration parameters.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Landsat-5 bumper-mode geometric correction
Series title IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2004.836390
Volume 42
Issue 12
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher IEEE
Contributing office(s) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Description 9 p.
First page 2695
Last page 2703
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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