Validation of a spatial model used to locate fish spawning reef construction sites in the St. Clair–Detroit River system

Journal of Great Lakes Research
By: , and 

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Abstract

Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) populations have suffered precipitous declines in the St. Clair–Detroit River system, following the removal of gravel spawning substrates and overfishing in the late 1800s to mid-1900s. To assist the remediation of lake sturgeon spawning habitat, three hydrodynamic models were integrated into a spatial model to identify areas in two large rivers, where water velocities were appropriate for the restoration of lake sturgeon spawning habitat. Here we use water velocity data collected with an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) to assess the ability of the spatial model and its sub-models to correctly identify areas where water velocities were deemed suitable for restoration of fish spawning habitat. ArcMap 10.1 was used to create raster grids of water velocity data from model estimates and ADCP measurements which were compared to determine the percentage of cells similarly classified as unsuitable, suitable, or ideal for fish spawning habitat remediation. The spatial model categorized 65% of the raster cells the same as depth-averaged water velocity measurements from the ADCP and 72% of the raster cells the same as surface water velocity measurements from the ADCP. Sub-models focused on depth-averaged velocities categorized the greatest percentage of cells similar to ADCP measurements where 74% and 76% of cells were the same as depth-averaged water velocity measurements. Our results indicate that integrating depth-averaged and surface water velocity hydrodynamic models may have biased the spatial model and overestimated suitable spawning habitat. A model solely integrating depth-averaged velocity models could improve identification of areas suitable for restoration of fish spawning habitat.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Validation of a spatial model used to locate fish spawning reef construction sites in the St. Clair–Detroit River system
Series title Journal of Great Lakes Research
DOI 10.1016/j.jglr.2015.09.019
Volume 41
Issue 4
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher ScienceDirect
Contributing office(s) Great Lakes Science Center
Description 7 p.
First page 1178
Last page 1184
Country United States
State Michigan
Other Geospatial Detroit River, Lake St. Clair
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N