Microprobe analysis of biotites - A method of correlating tuff beds in the Green River Formation, Colorado and Utah

Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
By: , and 

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Abstract

Quantitative electron microprobe analyses of biotite grains for iron, magnesium, and titanium from tuff beds in the lacustrine
Green River Formation (Eocene) of Colorado and Utah provide a tentative method of identification and a permissive stratigraphic correlation of tuffs. Tuff beds that have been identified and correlated by stratigraphic means were sampled at five localities in Colorado and Utah to determine if microprobe analyses of biotite could be used as a method of correlation. Although most of the original phenocrysts and
glass shards of these pyroclastic beds have undergone extensive postdepositional alteration, biotite seems to have been unaffected. The
iron, magnesium, and titanium contents of the biotite do not uniquely characterize individual tuff beds, but when the proportions of these
elements are compared in a continuous stratigraphic sequence of beds, correlation of individual tuffs or groups of tuffs is possible over areas
exceeding several hundred square miles. The method may be used for detailed correlation of pyroclastic beds where stratigraphic, faunal, and radiometric methods have been unsatisfactory.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Microprobe analysis of biotites - A method of correlating tuff beds in the Green River Formation, Colorado and Utah
Series title Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
Volume 1
Issue 1
Year Published 1973
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Description 6 p.
First page 39
Last page 44
Country United States
State Colorado, Utah
Other Geospatial Green River
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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