Great Apes

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Abstract

Anesthesia of great apes is often necessary to conduct diagnostic analysis, provide therapeutics, facilitate surgical procedures, and enable transport and translocation for conservation purposes. Due to the stress of remote delivery injection of anesthetic agents, recent studies have focused on oral delivery and/or transmucosal absorption of preanesthetic and anesthetic agents. Maintenance of the airway and provision of oxygen is an important aspect of anesthesia in great ape species. The provision of analgesia is an important aspect of the anesthesia protocol for any procedure involving painful stimuli. Opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often administered alone, or in combination to provide multi-modal analgesia. There is increasing conservation management of in situ great ape populations, which has resulted in the development of field anesthesia techniques for free-living great apes for the purposes of translocation, reintroduction into the wild, and clinical interventions.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Great Apes
DOI 10.1002/9781118792919.ch39
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Publisher location Ames, IA
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center
Description 12 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Zoo animal and wildlife immobilization and anesthesia
First page 573
Last page 584
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N