Water availability and land subsidence in the Central Valley, California, USA

Hydrogeology Journal
By: , and 

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Abstract

The Central Valley in California (USA) covers about 52,000 km2 and is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world. This agriculture relies heavily on surface-water diversions and groundwater pumpage to meet irrigation water demand. Because the valley is semi-arid and surface-water availability varies substantially, agriculture relies heavily on local groundwater. In the southern two thirds of the valley, the San Joaquin Valley, historic and recent groundwater pumpage has caused significant and extensive drawdowns, aquifer-system compaction and subsidence. During recent drought periods (2007–2009 and 2012-present), groundwater pumping has increased owing to a combination of decreased surface-water availability and land-use changes. Declining groundwater levels, approaching or surpassing historical low levels, have caused accelerated and renewed compaction and subsidence that likely is mostly permanent. The subsidence has caused operational, maintenance, and construction-design problems for water-delivery and flood-control canals in the San Joaquin Valley. Planning for the effects of continued subsidence in the area is important for water agencies. As land use, managed aquifer recharge, and surface-water availability continue to vary, long-term groundwater-level and subsidence monitoring and modelling are critical to understanding the dynamics of historical and continued groundwater use resulting in additional water-level and groundwater storage declines, and associated subsidence. Modeling tools such as the Central Valley Hydrologic Model, can be used in the evaluation of management strategies to mitigate adverse impacts due to subsidence while also optimizing water availability. This knowledge will be critical for successful implementation of recent legislation aimed toward sustainable groundwater use.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Water availability and land subsidence in the Central Valley, California, USA
Series title Hydrogeology Journal
DOI 10.1007/s10040-015-1339-x
Volume 24
Issue 3
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) California Water Science Center
Description 10 p.
First page 675
Last page 684
Country United States
State California
Other Geospatial San Joaquin Valley
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N