Geologic bench marks by terrestrial photography

Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
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Abstract

A photograph made with a level camera, if taken at a known height above a permanent mark on the ground, can be later repeated with exactness for measurement of changes in terrain. Such a photograph is one of several means for establishing a geologic bench mark and is especially useful for monitoring the subtle qualities of a landscape that are otherwise hard to map and describe, including the effects of man's use. Moreover, the geometry of such a photograph provides the same angular measurements between objects as can be made with a transit. A measurement of distance on a single photograph, however, requires control points. These can be surveyed at any convenient time, not necessarily when the initial photograph is made. Distances can also be determined by simple stereophotography from a base line of suitable length.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Geologic bench marks by terrestrial photography
Series title Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
Volume 1
Issue 2
Year Published 1973
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Description 15 p.
First page 193
Last page 206
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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