Concepts of karst development in relation to interpretation of surface runoff

Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
By:  and 

Links

Abstract

Some unusual characteristics of streamflow occur in regions underlain by carbonate rocks. The streamflow characteristics are related to processes of karstification, these processes being dependent on circulation of subsurface water and solution of the rock to form characteristic topography and underground cavern systems.  Very highly cavernous and permeable unsaturated zones tend to keep the water table depressed below land surface in many karst regions, a condition that leads to a low density of perennial streams. The uneven distribution of permeability beneath surface karst streams causes them to lose or gain water, depending on the position of the water table with reference to stream level. The conventional techniques of interpolation and extrapolation that have been reasonably successful in approximating streamflow of ungaged sites in nonkarstic regions have only limited use in karst regions. An understanding of principles of karstification and an understanding of the hydrogeologic framework of a carbonate terrane provide a useful basis for evaluating the streamflow characteristics.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Concepts of karst development in relation to interpretation of surface runoff
Series title Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
Volume 1
Issue 3
Year Published 1973
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Description 10 p.
First page 351
Last page 360
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional metadata about this publication, not found in other parts of the page is in this table