Fish Rhabdoviruses

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Abstract

Many important viral pathogens of fish are members of the family Rhabdoviridae. The viruses in this large group cause significant losses in populations of wild fish as well as among fish reared in aquaculture. Fish rhabdoviruses often have a wide host and geographic range, and infect aquatic animals in both freshwater and seawater. The fish rhabdoviruses comprise a diverse collection of isolates that can be placed in one of two quite different groups: isolates that are members of the established genusNovirhabdovirus, and those that are most similar to members of the genus Vesiculovirus. Because the diseases caused by fish rhabdoviruses are important to aquaculture, diagnostic methods for their detection and identification are well established. In addition to regulations designed to reduce the spread of fish viruses, a significant body of research has addressed methods for the control or prevention of diseases caused by fish rhabdoviruses, including vaccination. The number of reported fish rhabdoviruses continues to grow as a result of the expansion of aquaculture, the increase in global trade, the development of improved diagnostic methods, and heightened surveillance activities. Fish rhabdoviruses serve as useful components of model systems to study vertebrate virus disease, epidemiology, and immunology.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Fish Rhabdoviruses
DOI 10.1016/B978-012374410-4.00493-3
Year Published 2008
Language English
Publisher Academic Press
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 7 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Encyclopedia of Virology
First page 221
Last page 227
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N