Effects of migratory waterfowl on water quality at the Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge, Seneca County, New York

Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
Work done in cooperation with the Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
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Abstract

This study was done in response to the shellfish industry's concern that bacteria in effluent from the national wildlife refuges along the northeast coast of the United States may be adversely affecting the harvest of shellfish. A line graph shows inconsistent relationships between bird population at the Montezuma refuge and total coliform, fecal coliform, and fecal Streptococci counts. Salmonella were found in only one of 17 samples of water taken within the refuge. Counts of nonpathogenic bacteria in the two major streams flowing into the refuge, Black Brook and White Brook, were greater than they were in water flowing out of the refuge. Specific conductance of water flowing out of the refuge was less than that of water flowing into the refuge, although the effluent had higher concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen than the influent. A settling-pond effect in the quiet water of the refuge may help explain the improvement in the quality of the water leaving the refuge. The study shows how its quality changes both chemically and biologically as water flows through the refuge. Further study is needed, however, to determine the effects that a similar effluent would have on a coastal habitat of shellfish.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Effects of migratory waterfowl on water quality at the Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge, Seneca County, New York
Series title Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey
Volume 1
Issue 6
Year Published 1973
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Suvey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Description 10 p.
First page 725
Last page 734
Country United States of America
State New York
County Seneca
Other Geospatial Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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