Capturing spatiotemporal variation in wildfires for improving postwildfire debris-flow hazard assessments: Chapter 20

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Abstract

Wildfires can increase the frequency and magnitude of catastrophic debris flows. Integrated, proactive natural hazard assessment would therefore characterize landscapes based on the potential for the occurrence and interactions of wildfires and postwildfire debris flows. This chapter presents a new modeling effort that can quantify the variability surrounding a key input to postwildfire debris-flow modeling, the amount of watershed burned at moderate to high severity, in a prewildfire context. The use of stochastic wildfire simulation captures variability surrounding the timing and location of ignitions, fire weather patterns, and ultimately the spatial patterns of watershed area burned. Model results provide for enhanced estimates of postwildfire debris-flow hazard in a prewildfire context, and multiple hazard metrics are generated to characterize and contrast hazards across watersheds. Results can guide mitigation efforts by allowing planners to identify which factors may be contributing the most to the hazard rankings of watersheds.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Capturing spatiotemporal variation in wildfires for improving postwildfire debris-flow hazard assessments: Chapter 20
DOI 10.1002/9781119028116.ch20
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) New Mexico Water Science Center
Description 17 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Natural Hazard Uncertainty Assessment: Modeling and Decision Support
First page 301
Last page 317