The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries

Environmental Reviews
By: , and 

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Abstract

Though reported capture fisheries are dominated by marine production, inland fish and fisheries make substantial contributions to meeting the challenges faced by individuals, society, and the environment in a changing global landscape. Inland capture fisheries and aquaculture contribute over 40% to the world’s reported finfish production from less than 0.01% of the total volume of water on earth. These fisheries provide food for billions and livelihoods for millions of people worldwide. Herein, using supporting evidence from the literature, we review 10 reasons why inland fish and fisheries are important to the individual (food security, economic security, empowerment), to society (cultural services, recreational services, human health and well-being, knowledge transfer and capacity building), and to the environment (ecosystem function and biodiversity, as aquatic “canaries”, the “green food” movement). However, the current limitations to valuing the services provided by inland fish and fisheries make comparison with other water resource users extremely difficult. This list can serve to demonstrate the importance of inland fish and fisheries, a necessary first step to better incorporating them into agriculture, land-use, and water resource planning, where they are currently often underappreciated or ignored.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries
Series title Environmental Reviews
DOI 10.1139/er-2015-0064
Volume 24
Issue 2
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher NRC Research Press
Contributing office(s) National Climate Adaptation Science Center, National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center
Description 7 p.
First page 115
Last page 121
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N