Factors influencing human-grizzly bear interactions in a backcountry setting




Interactins between humans and 7 species of wildlife, including grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis), were investigated in backcountry areas of the Gallatin Range, Yellowstone National Park, during the summers of 1973 and 1974. Grizzly bear distribution, movements, and behavior and human behavior were examined. Because grizzlies utilized areas with elevations much in excess of the study area's average trail elevation, he likelihood of the off-trail party observing a grizzly bear was 3-4 times greater than that of a trail-traveling party. During the hiking season, grizzliess exhibited an elevational migration. The frequencies of on-trail and combined on- and off-trail observations and sign discoveries per party tended to peak during those periods that grizzlies were found at low elevations. Activitiy patterns of grizzlies at the point of first observation or after the bears had become aware of the human presence did not indicate behavioral traits likely to accentuate the possibilities of human-bear confrontations. Some backcountry travelers engaged in activites that could increase detrimental encounters with grizzly bears.

Study Area

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Factors influencing human-grizzly bear interactions in a backcountry setting
DOI 10.2307/3872890
Volume 4
Year Published 1980
Language English
Publisher International Association for Bear Research and Management
Publisher location Morges, Switzerland
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 7 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Conference publication
Larger Work Title Bears: Their biology and management
First page 351
Last page 357
Conference Title Fourth International Conference on Bear Research and Management
Conference Location Kalispell, MT
Conference Date February 1977
Country United States
Other Geospatial Yellowstone National Park
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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