“One Health” or three? Publication silos among the One Health disciplines

PLoS Biology
By: , and 

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Abstract

The One Health initiative is a global effort fostering interdisciplinary collaborations to address challenges in human, animal, and environmental health. While One Health has received considerable press, its benefits remain unclear because its effects have not been quantitatively described. We systematically surveyed the published literature and used social network analysis to measure interdisciplinarity in One Health studies constructing dynamic pathogen transmission models. The number of publications fulfilling our search criteria increased by 14.6% per year, which is faster than growth rates for life sciences as a whole and for most biology subdisciplines. Surveyed publications clustered into three communities: one used by ecologists, one used by veterinarians, and a third diverse-authorship community used by population biologists, mathematicians, epidemiologists, and experts in human health. Overlap between these communities increased through time in terms of author number, diversity of co-author affiliations, and diversity of citations. However, communities continue to differ in the systems studied, questions asked, and methods employed. While the infectious disease research community has made significant progress toward integrating its participating disciplines, some segregation—especially along the veterinary/ecological research interface—remains.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title “One Health” or three? Publication silos among the One Health disciplines
Series title PLoS Biology
DOI 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002448
Volume 14
Issue 4
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Public library of science
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Contaminant Biology Program
Description e1002448; 14 p.
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page