Current status of brown bears in the Manasalu Conservation Area, Nepal

Ecology and Conservation Group, Institute of Natural Sciences, Massey University Wildlife Institute of India, PO Box 18, Chandrabani, Dehradun 248001, Uttarakhand, India New Zealand and The Biodiversity Research and Training Forum, Nepal
By: , and 



Although brown bears (Ursus arctos) are rare in the Himalayan region, populations have been documented in alpine habitats of Pakistan and India. Brown bears were once known to exist in both Nepal and Bhutan, but current information on their numbers and distributions was lacking. We document the presence of brown bears in the Manasalu Conservation Area (MCA) in Nepal using field surveys and interviews with local people. We were able to confirm the existence of a remnant population based on finding bear scat and locations where bears excavated for Himalayan marmots (Marmota himalayana). Based on interviews with local people, it appeared that the presence of brown bears in the area is relatively recent and likely a result of immigration of bears from the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Interviews with local herders also indicated that livestock losses from brown bear predation amounted to approximately 318,000 Nepali rupees (US $4,240) from February 2006 through July 2008.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Current status of brown bears in the Manasalu Conservation Area, Nepal
Series title Ursus
DOI 10.2192/09GR029.1
Volume 21
Issue 1
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher International Association for Bear Research and Management
Publisher location New York, NY
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 16 p.
First page 109
Last page 114
Country Nepal
Other Geospatial Manasalu Conservation Area
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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