Aspects and implications of bear reintroduction: Chapter 6

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Edited by: Matt W. Hayward and Michael J. Somers

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Abstract

Bear reintroduction has been practiced worldwide with varying degrees of success.  Homing is a significant issue for American black bears, Ursus americanus, and winter-release techniques of females with cubs have been successfully used to improve settling rates and survival. Reintroduction success for all bear species appears to be positively correlated with translocation distance, and success is greater for subadults and females. Animals bred or held in captivity are usually poor candidates for reintroduction, but that may be the only option for some rare species. Habitat analyses are routinely performed, but patch size and configuration may also be important considerations for choosing future reintroduction sites for these wide-ranging species. Biological realities aside, socio-political impediments are more difficult to overcome because of real and perceived threats to human safety and property. Poor public acceptance and understanding were the most important reasons for some bear reintroduction failures, and conservation biologists need to develop methods for identifying areas where co-habitation suitability is high. Citizen-led approaches to develop acceptable restoration strategies may be useful for gaining public acceptance of large-carnivore reintroduction efforts, and public acceptance is where the greatest challenge lies.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Title Aspects and implications of bear reintroduction: Chapter 6
DOI 10.1002/9781444312034.ch6
Year Published 2009
Language English
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher location Oxford, UK
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 20 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Reintroduction of top-order predators
First page 126
Last page 145
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N