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The effects of large beach debris on nesting sea turtles

Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.04.005

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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to understand the effects of large beach debris on sea turtle nesting behavior as well as the effectiveness of large debris removal for habitat restoration. Large natural and anthropogenic debris were removed from one of three sections of a sea turtle nesting beach and distributions of nests and false crawls (non-nesting crawls) in pre- (2011–2012) and post- (2013–2014) removal years in the three sections were compared. The number of nests increased 200% and the number of false crawls increased 55% in the experimental section, whereas a corresponding increase in number of nests and false crawls was not observed in the other two sections where debris removal was not conducted. The proportion of nest and false crawl abundance in all three beach sections was significantly different between pre- and post-removal years. The nesting success, the percent of successful nests in total nesting attempts (number of nests + false crawls), also increased from 24% to 38%; however the magnitude of the increase was comparably small because both the number of nests and false crawls increased, and thus the proportion of the nesting success in the experimental beach in pre- and post-removal years was not significantly different. The substantial increase in sea turtle nesting activities after the removal of large debris indicates that large debris may have an adverse impact on sea turtle nesting behavior. Removal of large debris could be an effective restoration strategy to improve sea turtle nesting.

Additional publication details

Publication type:
Article
Publication Subtype:
Journal Article
Title:
The effects of large beach debris on nesting sea turtles
Series title:
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
DOI:
10.1016/j.jembe.2016.04.005
Volume:
482
Year Published:
2016
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier
Contributing office(s):
Wetland and Aquatic Research Center
Description:
5 p.
First page:
33
Last page:
37
Online Only (Y/N):
N
Additional Online Files (Y/N):
N