Identification of marine-derived lipids in juvenile coho salmon and aquatic insects through fatty acid analysis

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
By: , and 

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Abstract

The energetic benefits enjoyed by consumers in streams with salmon runs depend on how those benefits are accrued. Adult Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. deliver significant amounts of nutrients (i.e., nitrogen and phosphorus) and carbon to streams when they spawn and die; these nutrient additions can have demonstrable effects on primary production in streams. Consumption of carcass tissues or eggs provides for direct energy subsidies to consumers and may have significant effects on their condition. In this study, comparisons of juvenile coho salmon O. kisutch and aquatic insects exposed to terrestrial and marine energy sources demonstrated that direct consumption of marine-derived lipids had a significant effect on the lipid reserves of consumers. Direct consumption of marine-derived tissues was verified through fatty acid analysis. Selected aquatic insects and juvenile coho salmon were reared for 6 weeks in experimental streams supplied with terrestrial or marine energy sources. Chironomid midges, nemourid stoneflies, and juvenile coho salmon exposed to the marine energy source altered their fatty acid compositions by incorporating the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids that are characteristic of marine fish. The fatty acid composition of baetid mayflies was unaffected. The direct movement of specific fatty markers indicated that direct consumption of marine-derived tissues led to increased energy reserves (triacylglycerols) in consumers. Similar results were obtained for juvenile coho salmon sampled from natural streams before and after the arrival of adult salmon runs. These data indicate that marine-derived lipids from anadromous fish runs are an important source of reserve lipids for consumers that overwinter in streams.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Identification of marine-derived lipids in juvenile coho salmon and aquatic insects through fatty acid analysis
Series title Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
DOI 10.1577/T09-115.1
Volume 139
Issue 3
Year Published 2010
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 15 p.
First page 840
Last page 854
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N