Effectiveness of two commercial rotenone formulations in the eradication of virile crayfish Orconectes virillis

North American Journal of Fisheries Management
By:  and 

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Abstract

The virile or northern crayfish Orconectes virilis is an invasive species throughout much of the USA, damaging aquatic communities where it is introduced. Therefore, identification of effective methods for its eradication from areas in which it is unwanted is important. We studied the effectiveness of two commercial formulations of rotenone, Chem Fish Regular and CFT Legumine, for virile crayfish control. Although both formulations were effective for fish eradication, earlier observations by fisheries managers suggested that the relative effectiveness of the two formulations differs for crayfish. The only noteworthy difference between the formulations is that the former contains a synergist. In our first experiment, we tested each toxicant at the maximum labeled dosage (5 ppm) and found CFT Legumine to be 100% ineffective (0% mortality), while the Chem Fish Regular treatment resulted in 12.5% mortality. After we deemed Chem Fish Regular to be the only toxicant with any effectiveness against virile crayfish, we tested concentrations from 5 to 50 ppm and found 10 times the maximum labeled dosage (50 ppm rotenone) was needed to kill all virile crayfish. Because crayfish burrow and can leave water, and because 100% eradication is usually desired, rotenone applied at the labeled rates will not be effective for crayfish control. However, treating a body of water with CFT Legumine to eradicate invasive fish while leaving desirable crayfish unharmed is possible.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Effectiveness of two commercial rotenone formulations in the eradication of virile crayfish Orconectes virillis
Series title North American Journal of Fisheries Management
DOI 10.1080/02755947.2015.1017127
Volume 35
Issue 3
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher American Fisheries Society
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Seattle
Description 5 p.
First page 616
Last page 620
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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