Dynamic triggering

By:  and 
Edited by: Gerald Schubert

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Abstract

Dynamic stresses propagating as seismic waves from large earthquakes trigger a spectrum of responses at global distances. In addition to locally triggered earthquakes in a variety of tectonic environments, dynamic stresses trigger tectonic (nonvolcanic) tremor in the brittle–plastic transition zone along major plate-boundary faults, activity changes in hydrothermal and volcanic systems, and, in hydrologic domains, changes in spring discharge, water well levels, soil liquefaction, and the eruption of mud volcanoes. Surface waves with periods of 15–200 s are the most effective triggering agents; body-wave trigger is less frequent. Triggering dynamic stresses can be < 1 kPa.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Dynamic triggering
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-444-53802-4.00078-6
Edition 2
Volume 4
Year Published 2015
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Volcano Science Center
Description 31 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Title Volume 4 of Treatise on Geophysics (Second Edition)
First page 273
Last page 304
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N