Management of wetlands for wildlife

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Abstract

Wetlands are highly productive ecosystems that provide habitat for a diversity of wildlife species and afford various ecosystem services. Managing wetlands effectively requires an understanding of basic ecosystem processes, animal and plant life history strategies, and principles of wildlife management. Management techniques that are used differ depending on target species, coastal versus interior wetlands, and available infrastructure, resources, and management objectives. Ideally, wetlands are managed as a complex, with many successional stages and hydroperiods represented in close proximity. Managing wetland wildlife typically involves manipulating water levels and vegetation in the wetland, and providing an upland buffer. Commonly, levees and water control structures are used to manipulate wetland hydrology in combination with other management techniques (e.g., disking, burning, herbicide application) to create desired plant and wildlife responses. In the United States, several conservation programs are available to assist landowners in developing wetland management infrastructure on their property. Managing wetlands to increase habitat quality for wildlife is critical, considering this ecosystem is one of the most imperiled in the world.

Additional publication details

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Management of wetlands for wildlife
DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6907-6_4
Year Published 2013
Language English
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Contributing office(s) Coop Res Unit Leetown
Description 60 p.
First page 121
Last page 180
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N