Widespread detection of highly pathogenic H5 influenza viruses in wild birds from the Pacific Flyway of the United States

Scientific Reports
By: , and 

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Abstract

A novel highly pathogenic avian influenza virus belonging to the H5 clade 2.3.4.4 variant viruses was detected in North America in late 2014. Motivated by the identification of these viruses in domestic poultry in Canada, an intensive study was initiated to conduct highly pathogenic avian influenza surveillance in wild birds in the Pacific Flyway of the United States. A total of 4,729 hunter-harvested wild birds were sampled and highly pathogenic avian influenza virus was detected in 1.3% (n = 63). Three H5 clade 2.3.4.4 subtypes were isolated from wild birds, H5N2, H5N8, and H5N1, representing the wholly Eurasian lineage H5N8 and two novel reassortant viruses. Testing of 150 additional wild birds during avian morbidity and mortality investigations in Washington yielded 10 (6.7%) additional highly pathogenic avian influenza isolates (H5N8 = 3 and H5N2 = 7). The geographically widespread detection of these viruses in apparently healthy wild waterfowl suggest that the H5 clade 2.3.4.4 variant viruses may behave similarly in this taxonomic group whereby many waterfowl species are susceptible to infection but do not demonstrate obvious clinical disease. Despite these findings in wild waterfowl, mortality has been documented for some wild bird species and losses in US domestic poultry during the first half of 2015 were unprecedented.

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Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Widespread detection of highly pathogenic H5 influenza viruses in wild birds from the Pacific Flyway of the United States
Series title Scientific Reports
DOI 10.1038/srep28980
Volume 6
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Macmillan Journals Ltd
Publisher location London
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center
Description Article 28980; 9 p.
Country Canada, Mexico, United States
Other Geospatial Pacific Flyway
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N