The logic of comparative life history studies for estimating key parameters, with a focus on natural mortality rate

ICES Journal of Marine Science
By: , and 

Links

Abstract

There are a number of key parameters in population dynamics that are difficult to estimate, such as natural mortality rate, intrinsic rate of population growth, and stock-recruitment relationships. Often, these parameters of a stock are, or can be, estimated indirectly on the basis of comparative life history studies. That is, the relationship between a difficult to estimate parameter and life history correlates is examined over a wide variety of species in order to develop predictive equations. The form of these equations may be derived from life history theory or simply be suggested by exploratory data analysis. Similarly, population characteristics such as potential yield can be estimated by making use of a relationship between the population parameter and bio-chemico–physical characteristics of the ecosystem. Surprisingly, little work has been done to evaluate how well these indirect estimators work and, in fact, there is little guidance on how to conduct comparative life history studies and how to evaluate them. We consider five issues arising in such studies: (i) the parameters of interest may be ill-defined idealizations of the real world, (ii) true values of the parameters are not known for any species, (iii) selecting data based on the quality of the estimates can introduce a host of problems, (iv) the estimates that are available for comparison constitute a non-random sample of species from an ill-defined population of species of interest, and (v) the hierarchical nature of the data (e.g. stocks within species within genera within families, etc., with multiple observations at each level) warrants consideration. We discuss how these issues can be handled and how they shape the kinds of questions that can be asked of a database of life history studies.

Additional publication details

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The logic of comparative life history studies for estimating key parameters, with a focus on natural mortality rate
Series title ICES Journal of Marine Science
DOI 10.1093/icesjms/fsw089
Volume 73
Issue 10
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Oxford Journals
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 15 p.
First page 2453
Last page 2467
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N